Diodes are essential semiconductor devices in electronic circuits, notable for their directive property of allowing current to flow in one direction while blocking it in the opposite. This characteristic, known as rectification, makes diodes invaluable in applications like power conversion, signal demodulation, and protection against reverse polarity. Beyond the standard rectifier diodes, there are specialized types such as Zener diodes for voltage regulation, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) for illumination, and Schottky diodes for high-speed switching. Each diode variant brings unique functionalities to accommodate diverse electronic design needs.

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